GEHU 204 | Course Introduction and Application Information

Course Name
Fundamentals of Philosophy
Code
Semester
Theory
(hour/week)
Application/Lab
(hour/week)
Local Credits
ECTS
GEHU 204
Fall/Spring
3
0
3
6

Prerequisites
None
Course Language
English
Course Type
Service Course
Course Level
First Cycle
Course Coordinator -
Course Lecturer(s)
Assistant(s) -
Course Objectives To provide an introduction to the fundamental concepts and argumentative strategies of philosophy through an investigation of the question “What is a rational animal?” in relation to logic, epistemology, ethics, and political philosophy.
Learning Outcomes The students who succeeded in this course;
  • will be able to understand and use basic concepts of logic, epistemology, ethics, and political philosophy.
  • will be able to acquire and sharpen critical reasoning and writing skills.
  • will be able to develop skills necessary for the close reading and analysis of texts in the humanities and the social sciences.
  • will be able to evaluate arguments in terms of their validity and the truth of their premises.
  • will be able to distinguish between consequentialist (utilitarian), deontological, and virtue ethical types of evaluation for human actions.
  • will be able to distinguish between descriptive and prescriptive propositions, and apply that distinction to the problem of justification of political authority.
  • will be able to familiarize themselves with classical and contemporary philosophical and literary texts.
Course Content

 



Course Category

Core Courses
Major Area Courses
Supportive Courses
Media and Management Skills Courses
Transferable Skill Courses

 

WEEKLY SUBJECTS AND RELATED PREPARATION STUDIES

Week Subjects Related Preparation
1 Presentation and overview of the course; discussion of how to begin philosophy by acknowledging that we have already begun. Overview and discussion of a number of dilemmas and paradoxes.
2 Plato Apology
3 What is an argument? The concepts of validity, truth and soundness. Types of justification; types of refutation: by parallel reasoning, counter-examples, reductio ad absurdum. R. Fogelin, Understanding Arguments, pp 45-53 and pp. 405-433.
4 Fallacies of vacuity: circular reasoning, question-begging; fallacies of relevance: ad hominem, straw man, false cause, appeals to authority Fogelin, pp. 477-405
5 The Chinese Room Argument: Can Computers think? Discussion of artificial intelligence. Turing, A., 1948, ‘Intelligent Machinery: A Report’, London: National Physical Laboratory; Searle, J., 1980, ‘Minds, Brains and Programs’, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 3: 417–57
6 MIDTERM
7 Introduction to epistemology Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy, Meditation 1 and 2
8 Skepticism, sources of knowledge, methodic doubt, certainty as epistemic criterion, the cogito as first principle and model of Descartes, Meditations 2 (contn’d) and 3
9 Philosophy and science: the thinking subject as embodied being subject to the laws of nature. FIRST PAPER DUE Janet Richards, Human Nature After Darwin, pp. 4-25 FIRST PAPER DUE
10 Evolutionary biology as philosophical challenge and answer to the question “What is a rational animal?” Richards, pp. 25-51
11 Determinism, freedom of the will, morality as a scientific problem and science as a moral problem Richards, pp. 126-154
12 Consequentialism (Utilitarianism) and Deontology: arguments and criticisms Kant, pp. 274-281; Bennett, pp. 294-306; Bentham, pp. 306-312; Williams pp. 339-345; M. L. K. Jr., Letter from Birmingham Jail.
13 Moral Psychology and Perspectivism. Nietzsche, On the Genealogy of Morals, essays I and II.
14 The responsibilities and the problems of rational thought; the rational animal and the polis. Aristotle, Politics, Bk. 1 1986-2000; Locke, 249-253; Bentham and Mill, 270-274 Levi, If This is a Man.
15 Week 14 cont’d. SECOND PAPER DUE. Levi, Contn’d.
16 Final

 

Course Textbooks
References

 

EVALUATION SYSTEM

Semester Requirements Number Percentage
Participation
16
10
Laboratory / Application
Field Work
Quizzes / Studio Critiques
1
25
Homework / Assignments
Presentation / Jury
Project
Seminar / Workshop
Portfolios
Midterms / Oral Exams
1
30
Final / Oral Exam
1
35
Total

Contribution of Semester Work to Final Grade
65
Contribution of Final Work to Final Grade
35
Total

ECTS / WORKLOAD TABLE

Activities Number Duration (Hours) Workload
Course Hours
Including exam week: 16 x total hours
16
3
48
Laboratory / Application Hours
Including exam week: 16 x total hours
16
Study Hours Out of Class
16
3
Field Work
Quizzes / Studio Critiques
1
Homework / Assignments
Presentation / Jury
Project
Seminar / Workshop
Portfolios
Midterms / Oral Exams
1
20
Final / Oral Exam
1
22
    Total
138

 

COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES AND PROGRAM QUALIFICATIONS RELATIONSHIP

#
Program Qualifications / Outcomes
* Level of Contribution
1
2
3
4
5
1 Adequate knowledge in Mathematics, Science and Civil Engineering; ability to use theoretical and applied information in these areas to model and solve Civil Engineering problems
2 Ability to identify, define, formulate, and solve complex Civil Engineering problems; ability to select and apply proper analysis and modeling methods for this purpose
3 Ability to design a complex system, device or product under realistic constraints and conditions, in such a way as to meet the desired result; ability to apply modern design methods for this purpose
4 Ability to devise, select, and use modern techniques and tools needed for Civil Engineering practice
5 Ability to design and conduct experiments, gather data, analyze and interpret results for investigating Civil Engineering problems
6 Ability to work efficiently in Civil Engineering disciplinary and multi-disciplinary teams; ability to work individually
7 Ability to communicate effectively in Turkish, both orally and in writing; knowledge of a minimum of two foreign languages
8 Recognition of the need for lifelong learning; ability to access information, to follow developments in science and technology, and to continue to educate him/herself
9 Awareness of professional and ethical responsibility
10 Information about business life practices such as project management, risk management, and change management; awareness of entrepreneurship, innovation, and sustainable development
11 Knowledge about contemporary issues and the global and societal effects of engineering practices on health, environment, and safety; awareness of the legal consequences of Civil Engineering solutions

*1 Lowest, 2 Low, 3 Average, 4 High, 5 Highest